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Bosanquet, Mary (Mrs Fletcher)

She was born on 1 September 1739 (O.S.) in Leytonstone. Meeting with opposition from her well-to-do family because of her religious inclinations she left home in 1760, taking lodgings in London. She joined the London society and became involved in the great Methodist revival there in 1761-62. In 1762 she went to live in her own house in Leytonstone where, with Sarah Crosby and Sarah Ryan, she established a Christian community caring for needy children and began 'to exhort, and to read and expound the scriptures'. In June 1768, partly for financial reasons, the community moved to Cross Hall, Morley, near Leeds. Mary corresponded with John Wesley, consulting him about her call to preach. Although women preachers were not then permitted among the Methodists, he admitted that she had an 'extra-ordinary call', but stopped short of agreeing to her becoming an itinerant preacher.

On 12 Nov. 1781 she married John Fletcher of Madeley, whom she had known for a quarter of a century, at Batley parish church and they exercised what was effectively a joint ministry. To avoid giving local offence, Mary 'spoke' regularly in the Madeley tithe barn. After her husband's death in 1785, she continued her work in Madeley until a few weeks before her own death, acting as an unofficial curate to his successor. Wesley was unsuccessful in trying to persuade her to leave Madeley for London. She died on 9 December 1815 and was buried with her husband in Madeley churchyard.


'Now my breath is very short, and many complaints render me unable to travel; I therefore feel the Lord leads me to apply to what little I can do in my own preaching room, where the congregation increases, and many come from far, and I am, through mercy, at present carried through six or seven meetings, in a week, of different sorts. For some years I was often led to speak from a text, of late I feel greater approbation in what we call expounding, taking a part or whole of a chapter, and speaking on it. We have lately found the Lord very present, and many souls have been blest… I do look on the call of women as an extra - not an ordinary call; therefore I strove, and do strive now so to act, not out of custom, but only when I have a clear leading thereto, and this leading may and will differ at different parts of our lives, but to follow the cloud is the thing I aim at, and the soul feels a peace and comfort in so doing, for "where the spirit of the Lord is there is liberty." '

Mary Fletcher to Mrs. Taft, 28 November 1803, quoted in L.F. Church, More about the Early Methodist People (1949) pp.146-7


  • H. Moore, The Life of Mrs. Mary Fletcher (1817)
  • Z. Taft, Biographical Sketches of the Lives and Public Ministry of Various Holy Women, vol. 1 (1825)
  • T.M. Morrow, Early Methodist Women (1967), pp.64-105
  • Maldwyn L. Edwards, My Dear Sister (n.d.) pp.85-99
  • Earl Kent Brown, Women of Mr. Wesley's Methodism (New York, 1983)
  • A History of the Methodist Church in Great Britain, Vol. 4 (1988) pp.168-72
  • Paul W. Chilcote, John Wesley and the Women Preachers of Early Methodism (Metuchen, NJ, 1991)
  • Gareth Lloyd, [catalogue of] The Fletcher-Tooth Papers (Manchester, 1997 etc.)
  • Paul Wesley Chilcote, 'An Early Methodist Community of Women', in Methodist History, 38:4 (July 2000), pp.219-30
  • Rhonda Carrim, 'Mary Bosanquet Fletcher: Modelling Methodist Spirituality in the Use of the Talents of Time and Money', in Norma Virgoe (ed.), Angels and Impudent Women (2007) pp. 69-83
  • David Frudd, 'Mary Fletcher as a source of Spirituality in Methodism', in Norma Virgoe (ed.), Angels and Impudent Women (2007) pp. 84-113
  • Gareth Lloyd, 'Repression and Resistance: Wesleyan Female Public Ministry in the generation after 1791', in Norma Virgoe (ed.), Angels and Impudent Women (2007) pp. 114-31
  • 'Mary Fletcher on the cross: gender and the suffering body', in Phyllis Mack, Heart Religion in the British Enlightenment: Gender and Emotion in Early Methodism (2008) pp.171-218
  • D.R. Wilson, '"Thou shal[t] walk with me in white": Afterlife and Vocation in the Ministry of Mary Bosanquet Fletcher', in Geordan Hammond and David Rainey (eds.), Wesley and Methodist Studies, vol. 1 (Manchester, 2009) pp. 71-85
  • Oxford DNB

Entry written by: EDG
Category: Person


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